Eight major dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense
Ethnicity and Race : Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000)
The Tropical Climate
The Tropical Rainforest Climate
Because of the geographical location on the planet, the Philippines has a "Tropical Rainforest Climate" all over the country.
The two main characteristics of this climate are:
high atmospheric humidity
Both the high temperatures and the humidity are the whole year through. In theory rainfall can be expected in every month of the year.
Rainy season and monsoon
Though some rainfall can be expected in every month, the rainfall differs greatly through the year.
In the period June - October it's raining cats and dogs!
The influence of the southwest monsoon is very clear.
In the period December - May there is no monsoon anymore. The wind, the "trade wind", is coming from the northeast and brings hardly rainfall.
A third characteristic feature of the climate of the Philippines is the presence of strong typhoons. The Philippines is tortured bytyphoons every year. In the whole Western Pacific typhoons occur in the period June - November.
Monsoons and "trade winds"
The monsoon is a very rainy wind coming from the southwest. The "trade wind", coming from the northeast, is dominating in the period December -May. It's a rather 'dry' wind and brings hardly any rainfall.
Regional differences in precipitation and temperature
Climate figures for cities in the Philippines
Average temperatures in °C
Average precipitation in cm
In the Philippines a modern, westernized style of dressing is common everywhere. In the urban areas as well as in the rural areas. For a long time already. Happily, it doesn't mean that it is impossible to see typical Filipino dress.
At ceremonies, festivals and all other kind of important meetings, you will be able to see some men wearing the Barong Tagalog.
Barong Tagalog is an upper garment and known as the formal men's wear of the Philippines.
The Barong Tagalog has a long tradition of more than four centuries. The look as well as the meaning of the dress have evolved throughout four centuries. The special traditional features remained untouched; the dress is thin and transparent (with a shirt under it), has decoration and one will wear the barong tagalog 'tucked out'.
explanations for the specific features
Why is it that the barong is tucked out?
There is more than one explanation!
One explanation says that it is because of the tropical climate, which favours clothes that are tucked out. However, the historical explanation says that the BarongTagalog traces its roots in the Spanish-colonial era (1565-1898).
The roots of the Barong Tagalog
From the beginning of the Spanish rule in the Philippine archipelago, the Spanish rulers demanded the Filipino men to wear the Barong Tagalog. The Spaniards wanted to make the differences between themselves and the 'natives' visible by the dress.
Therefore they prohibited to tuck the barong under the waistband. That was the mark of the inferior status of the natives. Next to that, the cloth material should be transparent. That should make it impossible to hide any weapon that
could be used against the Spanish rulers. Furthermore, it was forbidden to have any pockets in the barong. This had to prevent any thievery.
Even at the time that some Filipinos became successful business men or successful in agricultural activities, these lucky and more important middle class men had to wear theBarong Tagalog just as the Spanish rulers demanded.
In these Spanish period, the new middle class started to put more attention to the design of the barong. The front of the barong showed more and more a hand -work design. It was the beginning of becoming a symbol of resistance to colonization.
Details of a barong tagalog
Pictures of the details: MyBarong.com
Click to enlarge!
The Barong Tagalog evolved to ' the national dress'!
The Barong Tagalog gained his real 'national prestige' after president Quezon, the first Filipino president, declared theBarong Tagalog "the National dress". So, the BarongTagalog evolved from the pre-Hispanic became officially a symbol of the Filipinos' resistance to colonization!
The Barong Tagalog week
In 1975 The former president Ferdinand Marcos issued a decree proclaiming an official " Barong Tagalog Week " (June 5 - 11). It was the incentive to a wider use of theBarong Tagalog.
Bridegrooms and the Barong Tagalog
In the Philippines of today, many Filipinos will wear the Barong Tagalog at important events. It became a custom for bridegrooms to wear the long-sleeved, embroidered Barong Tagalog.
After the introduction of the short-sleeved variety, the "Polo Barong", the barong dress became less formal than in the past. In the last 25 years the polo version became the all-around wear of Filipinos.
MODERNIZED TERNO / FILIPINIANA
PRE-HISTORY (BEFORE 900 B.C.)
The History of the Philippine Flag
1901 – 1907
1936 – 1941