DESTINATION : THE PHILIPPINES - METRO MANILA & MANILA


METRO MANILA



GREENBELT, MAKATI
Makati City















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EASTWOOD CITY, LIBIS
Quezon City













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BONIFACIO GLOBAL CITY, TAGUIG
(BGC)











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FILINVEST CORPORATE CITY
Alabang, Muntinlupa City









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GREENHILLS SHOPPING COMPLEX, SAN JUAN CITY






The Greenhills Parking Area always gets busy during Holidays due to the wide array of gift ideas that you 
can find at the bazaar at very affordable prices.  And a seasonal Christmas on display event happening
at night starting at 6 pm. 








But not only during Christmas season that this bazaar is busy, it is all year-round.


The old Virra Mall in Greenhills which used to be the ideal shopping district of
San Juan City residents is now a better shopping hub to all types of people.




So if you get tired of going around and shopping non-stop, you may want to relax
and fill your empty stomach with sumptuous meal or snack.





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THE  OLD MANILA




Old Spanish Speaking Manila




Manila, Pre-world war




Old Manila, Castillan Memoirs 1930s




Manila, Queen of the Pacific 1938



Nostalgic Old Manila



1800 - 1960



American Era



INSIDE THE WALLS OF INTRAMUROS

The Philippines had been under the Spanish rule for more than 300 years.  After Spain had given the Philippines its freedom through the United States, the old Manila was left with memories of the past.  Eventhough it was not a good experience for most of the Filipinos during those times, we are still grateful for the beauty of what Spain had left behind through the magnificent edifices and structures that had made the Philippines known to the world as the first country in Asia to experience richness of modern civilization.










Baluarte De San Diego

























The Manila Cathedral





With the American Soldiers during the war



















  • San Augustin Church was founded in 1572 and constructed between 1586 and 1606. In 1904 four Philippines Augustin Churches were nominated by UNESCO and placed on the World Heritage Sites list. These churches were, Paoy in Ilocos Norte, San Augustin Church in Intramuros, Sta Maria in Ilocos Sur and Miagao in Iloilo.



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    THE FORT SANTIAGO GATE

    File:Fort Santiago Gate.jpg

    The Arc is 12 meters high


    Fort Santiago (Spanish: Fuerza de Santiago Tagalog: Moog ng Santiago) is a citadel first built by Spanish conquistador, Miguel López de Legazpi for the new established city of Manila in the Philippines. The defense fortress is part of the structures of the walled city of Manila referred to as Intramuros ("within the walls").

    The fort is one of the most important historical sites in Manila. Several lives were lost in its prisons during the Spanish Colonial Period and World War II. José Rizal, the Philippines' national hero, was imprisoned here before his execution in 1896. The Rizal Shrine museum displays memorabilia of the hero in their collection and the fort features, embedded onto the ground in bronze, his footsteps representing his final walk from his cell to the location of the actual execution.

    The fort was named after Saint James the Great (Santiago in Spanish), the patron saint of Spain, whose relief adorns the façade of the front gate.[1][2] It is located at the mouth of the Pasig River and served as the premier defense fortress of the Spanish Government during their rule of the country. It became a main fort for the spice trade to the Americas and Europe for 333 years. The Manila Galleon trade to Acapulco, Mexico began from the Fuerza de Santiago.

    The fort has a perimeter of 2,030 feet (620 m), and it is of a nearly triangular form. The south front, which looks toward the city, is a curtain with a terreplein, flanked by two demi-bastions - the Bastion of San Fernando, on the riverside, and the Bastion of San Miguel, by the bayside. A moat connected with the river separates the fort from the city. Near the beginning of the north face, instead of a bastion, a cavalier called Santa Barbara was built with three faces of batteries, one looking seaward over the anchorage place, one facing the entrance, and the third looking upon the river. The latter is united with a tower of the same height as the walls, through which there is a descent to the water battery placed upon a semicircular platform, thus completing the triangular form of the fort.

    The 22-foot (6.7 m) high walls, with a thickness of 8 feet (2.4 m) are pierced for the necessary communications. The front gateway façade measures 40 feet (12 m) high being in the south wall and facing the city. The communication with the river and the sea was by an obscure postern gate - the Postigo de la Nuestra Señora del Soledad (Postern of Our Lady of Solitude). Inside the fort were guard stations, together with the barracks of the troops of the garrison and quarters of the warden and his subalterns. Also inside the fort were various storehouses, a chapel, the powder magazine, the sentry towers, the cisterns, etc.

    History

    The location of Fort Santiago was once the site of a palisaded fort, armed with bronze guns, of Rajah Sulaiman, a Muslim chieftain of pre-Hispanic Manila. It was destroyed by maestre de campo (master-of-camp) Martin de Goiti who, upon arriving in 1570 from Cebu, fought several battles with the Muslim natives. The Spaniards started building Fort Santiago (Fuerte de Santiago) after the establishment of the city of Manila under Spanish rule on June 24, 1571, and made Manila the capital of the newly colonized islands.

    The first fort was a structure of palm logs and earth. Most of it was destroyed when the city was invaded by Chinese pirates led by Limahong. Martin de Goiti was killed during the siege. After a fierce conflict, the Spaniards under the leadership of Juan de Salcedo, eventually drove the pirates out to Pangasinan province to the north, and eventually out of the country.

    The construction of Fort Santiago with hard stone, together with the original fortified walls of Intramuros, commenced in 1590 and finished in 1593 during the reign of Gómez Pérez Dasmariñas. The stones used were volcanic tuff quarried from Guadalupe (now Gualupe Viejo in Makati). The fort as Dasmariñas left it consisted of a castellated structure without towers, trapezoidal in trace, its straight gray front projecting into the river mouth. Arches supported an open gun platform above, named the battery of Santa Barbara, the patron saint of all good artillerymen. These arches formed casemates which afforded a lower tier of fire through embrasures. Curtain walls of simplest character, without counter forts or interior buttresses, extended the flanks to a fourth front facing the city.


    The original facade of Fort Santiago in 1880. The front edifice was destroyed by the earthquake of July 1880.

    In 1714, the ornate gate of Fort Santiago was erected together with some military barracks. The Luzon earthquakes of 1880, which destroyed much of the city of Manila, destroyed the front edifice of the fort changing its character.

    During the leadership of Fernándo Valdés y Tamon in the 1730s, a large semicircular gun platform to the front called media naranja (half orange) and another of lesser dimensions to the river flank were added to the Bastion of Santa Barbara. The casemates were then filled in and embrasures closed. He also changed the curtain wall facing cityward to a bastioned front. A lower parapet, bordering the interior moat, connects the two bastions.



    The raising of the American Flag at Fort Santiago.

    American colonial period

    On August 13, 1898, the American flag was raised in Fort Santiago signifying the start of the American rule in the Philippines. The fort served as the headquarters for the U.S. Army and several changes were made to the fort by the Americans.



    The gate of Fort Santiago damaged during the liberation of Manila

    World War II

    During World War II, Fort Santiago was captured by the Japanese Imperial Army, and used its prisons and dungeons including the storage cells and gunpowder magazines for hundreds of prisoners who were killed near the end of the war (see Manila massacre). The fort sustained heavy damage from American and Filipino military mortar shells during the Battle of Manila in February 1945. Also, approximately 600 American prisoners of war died of suffocation or hunger after being held in extremely tight quarters in the dungeons at Fort Santiago.

    The Fort today


    The last steps of José Rizal before his execution

    Fort Santiago, the 16th century military defense structure, stands witness to the valor and heroism of the Filipino through the centuries. Today, the fort, its bastions, and the prison dungeons for criminals used by the Spanish officials, is now part of a historical park which also includes the Plaza del Moriones (also called the Plaza de Armas) and several ruins. The park houses well-preserved legacies from the Spanish Colonial Period including Jose Rizal memorabilia at the Rizal Shrine.

    Adaptive use of this famous historical landmark makes certain areas ideal for open air theater, picnics, and as a promenade. The Intramuros Visitors center gives an overview of the various attractions in the walled city.



    National Historical Landmark marker of Fort Santiago

    Preserving the Fort

    After is destruction during WWII, Fort Santiago was declared as a Shrine of Freedom in 1950. Its restoration by the Philippine government did not begin till 1953 under the hands of the National Parks Development Committee. The Intramuros Administration now manages the reconstruction, maintenance and management of the fort since 1992.

    Around Fort Santiago




    TOURISTS CANNOT GO IN MOST OF THE AREAS OF THE FORT.









    Inside the Real Fuerza de Santiago

    Just a short walk from the imposing Manila Cathedral of Intramuros is a black, wrought iron gate leading to a beautiful plaza with tall trees, well-kept shrubs, blooming flowers, ornamental fountains, and a tranquil moat. A few steps further, you'll see a massive, grey stone wall, one that shows signs of age yet still forbidding. At  its center is a towering arch with some of its once ornate elements in ruins. It is the entrance to a place that was feared by the locals for hundreds of years.  It is the Real Fuerza de Santiago.

    The Real Fuerza de Santiago or Fort Santiago is a 16th century military fortress inside Intramuros that was built during the Spanish colonization of the Philippine Islands. Once made of earth and wood, it was rebuilt and fortified with hard stone to defend the walled city of Intramuros against rebels and ward off threats from invaders. According to the Intramuros historical guide, four foreign flags have flown on this fort since it was constructed: the Spanish, the British, the American, and the Japanese. The fort's thick walls and buttresses have also witnessed various atrocities and injustice in its many years of existence.



    Fort Santiago was once infamous for its underground dungeons, where conditions were so inhumane that almost no one wanted to speak of it.  It is believed that many prisoners, after they were tortured by the Spanish military, were placed in the underground cells and left there to die. There were also rumors that  some prisoners were intentionally drowned by allowing the water from the Pasig River to fill the dungeons







    A place where Jose Rizal was executed.




    Among Fort Santiago's famous prisoners are the priests Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, and Jacinto Zamora, collectively known as the GOMBURZA, who were killed by garrote over false charges of  leading a mutiny against Spain in 1872.  The Philippine National Hero Jose P. Rizal was also imprisoned twice at Fort Santiago before he was executed by a firing squad in 1896. His death inspired the Philippine revolution. A shrine in his honor can be found inside the fort.

    The Rizal Shrine (L) and a monument of Jose Rizal
    at the far end of Plaza de Armas.



    At the center is a view of Plaza de Armas.  Take a closer look
    and you'll  see  footsteps marking Jose Rizal's march from his
     prison cell to the execution site.

    Fort Santiago

    Jose Rizal's Final Footsteps








    During the Second World War, the Japanese incarcerated civilians and soldiers at Fort Santiago's Maestranza.   Many of them were also tortured and executed. Those who survived say that the chambers were filled beyond its capacity that it felt like they were in hell.  Many prisoners died of suffocation or illness.  During the Battle for the Liberation of Manila in 1945,  Fort Santiago was ruined due to heavy bombing.

    This cross marks the mass grave of civilians
    and soldiers who died at Fort Santiago
    during World War II.
    Restored in the 1980's, the beauty of Fort Santiago's promenades, gardens, and plazas have left many visitors oblivious of its dark past and historical significance.  It's unfortunate because there are many tragic and heroic tales at the Real Fuerza de Santiago, some of which have been forgotten while some are waiting to be retold.
    Fort Santiago's entrance and moat 
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    Fort Santiago is within walking distance of Manila Cathedral and Palacio del Gobernador in Intramuros. One can also take a calesa (horse-drawn carriage) ride from Intramuros to Fort Santiago.


    Guardia Civil
    (This was how a Spanish Guard uniform looked during the Spanish Era.)


    Contemplation Room in Fort Santiago, Intramuros


    One goes through the Contemplation Room before seeing the Prison Cell of Jose Rizal. The Contemplation Room is around 5×5 meters with lines attributed to Rizal. These phrases capture the Rizal’s sense of patriotism, and his resolve to fight and die for the liberty of his country, the Philippines.


    Some of the lines, carved through wood and lighted from within for effect, are the following:

    Man ought to die for his duty and his convictions. I maintain all the ideas that I have expressed concerning the state and future of my country and gladly I’ll die for her, nay, to obtain justice and tranquility for you.”

    I have always loved my poor country and I’m sure i shall love her until my last moment, should men prove unjust to me. I shall die happy, satisfied with the thought that all I have suffered, my life, my loves, my joys, my everything, I have sacrificed for the love of her.”

    I wish to show those who deny us patriotism that we know how to die for our duty and convictions.”


    Ang Piitan (Prison Cell) of Jose Rizal

    At the right wall of the Contemplation Room is the entrance to a model of Rizal’s detention cell, with a representation of Rizal sitting on a desk. The location marker reads: “In this cell Jose Rizal was detained prisoner from 3 November to the morning of 29 December 1896 falsely charged with rebellion, sedition and formation of illegal societies.

    After the reading of the court sentence at 6:00 A.M. 29 December, he was kept in an improvised chapel until his execution at 7:03 A.M. 30 December 1896 on the Luneta, Bagumbayan Field, Manila.

    Ang Piitan (Prison Cell) of Jose Rizal in Fort Santiago, Intramuros







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    ROXAS BOULEVARD


    Roxas Blvd stretching through Manila Bay






    The Baywalk is a seaside promenade overlooking Manila Bay along Roxas Boulevard in the city of Manila, Philippines. The Baywalk is a two-kilometre stretch from the US Embassy and the Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) just past the Manila Yacht Club.
    Baywalk Manila is a popular venue at night with open-air cafes that serve local cuisines while onlookers may watch the Manila sunset. Many of the venues also feature music and live band performances. Local artists frequent the area and free mime, acrobatics, and other art performances can sometimes be found along the strip.

    Manila Bay is a natural harbour which serves the Port of Manila (on Luzon), in the Philippines. Strategically located around the capital city of the Philippines, Manila Bay facilitated commerce and trade between the Philippines and its neighbouring countries,becoming the gateway for socio-economic development even prior to Spanish occupation.

    SM MALL OF ASIA







    Bowling Alley


    Skating Rink

    Mall of Asia Arena



    SM Mall of Asia is a shopping mall in Bay City, Pasay, Philippines, near the SM Central Business Park, the Manila Bay, and the southern end of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue.
    Owned and developed by SM Prime Holdings, the largest mall chain owner and developer in the Philippines, it has a land area of 42 hectares, a gross floor area of approximately 390,193 square metres (4.20000×106 sq ft), a total area of 407,101 square metres (4.38200×106 sq ft), and attracts a daily average foot traffic of about 200,000 people.
    It is the 11th largest shopping mall in the world in terms of gross leasable area. When it opened in 2006 it was the largest shopping mall in the Philippines until SM City North EDSA was redeveloped in 2008, and was relegated to third place by the expansion of SM Megamall in 2011.




    The main mall includes shopping and dining establishments and the food court. The entertainment mall is a two-story complex, most of which is open-air, and faces Manila Bay. Both have concierge desks.
    The mall's 5,000 parking spaces are divided across two, six-story parking buildings conveniently designated the north and south parking buildings. The south parking building houses the mall's official SM Department Store, while the mall's supermarket, the SM Hypermarket is located at the north parking building.
    Since opening in 2006, visitors to the mall have been welcomed by large steel framed globe on a roundabout at the southern tip of Epifanio de los Santos Avenue. In 2009, the globe was turned into Globamaze, an LED display.


    IMAX THEATER
    One of the mall's main attractions is the first ever IMAX theater in the country, along with a Director's Club Theater for intimate screenings (30 La-Z-Boy seats), a Premiere Cinema, and the CenterStage Cinema which can used for live musical concerts and theatrical performances. The San Miguel-Coca-Cola IMAX Theatre is one of the world's biggest IMAX screens in 3D including 2D screenings.
    In addition to the mall's special theaters, it also has six regular two-tiered movie theaters similar to the ones found in almost every SM Supermall.
    File:SM MoA iMax.JPG

    OLYMPIC SIZED ICE SKATING RINK
    The mall features the Philippines's first Olympic-sized ice skating rink. At 61 by 30 meters, the rink is described as the biggest of its kind in Southeast Asia. It can accommodate both recreational and competitive figure skating, as well as ice hockey. Along with plain access and skate rentals, the rink's operators also offer training programs in both figure skating and ice hockey. Several ice skatingcompetitions have been held at the mall's ice skating rink, the most prestigious yet having been Skate Asia 2007. It was also the first time that the Philippines had hosted any international ice skating event.
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    OPEN AIR MUSIC HALL
    The mall's open-air music hall directly facing the sea has also held several events, contests and concerts.

    Mall of Asia Arena is an indoor arena within the SM Mall of Asia complex, in PasayPhilippines. It has a seating capacity of 16,000 for sporting events, and a full house capacity of 20,000. The Arena officially opened on June 16, 2012. It has retractable seats and a 2,000-capacity car park building.
    The Mall of Asia Arena is the alternative venue of the Philippine Basketball Association when the Smart Araneta Coliseum is unavailable. The Arena is also the new home of the University Athletic Association of the Philippines.

    File:Mall of Asia Arena green gate facade.jpg


    Nido Fortified Science Discovery Center

    On October 13, 2007, the P313-million SM Science Discovery Center, the first of its kind in the world, was opened. SM Prime Holdings has partnered with US-based Leisure Entertainment Consultancy (LEC) for the SDC, it features a digital planetarium and a wide range of technology and science-themed exhibits.
    In 2009, it was renamed into Nido Fortified Science Discovery Center after being bought by Nestlé Philippines.

    File:MoA 017.jpg


    SMX CONVENTION CENTER

    File:MoA 215.jpg

    The SMX Convention Center (formerly Maitrade Expo and Convention Center) (Project Name: MAITrade) is the Philippines' largest privately run exhibition and convention center. The 46,647-square meter building will have three floors and basement parking with a total leasable area of 19,800 square meters featuring large exhibition areas and function rooms. The convention center can fit approximately 6,000 people.

    Esplanade

    An esplanade was constructed at the back of the mall where it served as the observation center for the First World Pyro Olympics in December 2005. The second World Pyro Olympics were held at the SM Mall of Asia's boardwalk area in early January, 2007.
    The Esplanade was also the venue for Lovapalooza 2, wherein more than 5,300 couples kissed for 10 seconds on February 10, 2007, breaking Hungary's 4,445 in the Guinness World Records. Also, an events venue named One Esplanade was constructed here. One Esplanade is usually used for product launches, parties, and other events.

    Ferris wheel

    The Mall of Asia Eye is a 55-metre (180 ft) tall Ferris wheel which opened to the public at the SM Mall of Asia complex on December 18, 2011. It has 36 air-conditioned gondolas, each able to carry up to six persons, giving a maximum capacity of 216 passengers. It operates from 10:00 until 01:00 on Fridays and Saturdays, and from noon until midnight the rest of the week. Food, drinks, animals, and pregnant women are not permitted, and children under 42" must be accompanied by an adult.


    map

    LUNETA PARK

    When someone mentions or hears the place "Luneta", the Manileno (or a resident of Manila) will immediately nod insinuating that he/she is familiar with the place.  That is because it is where our National Hero, Jose Rizal, was buried after his execution at Fort Santiago. He was accused of treason through his novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo and for establishing La Liga Filipina that were insinuating a national revolution. 

    Luneta used to be a wide park, with lots of palm trees, and fresh breeze brought about by the clean and fresh smelling Manila Bay.  It was where the people in Manila would go on picnic, bike, or jog, and was a preferred as a decent lovers' lane.  As years had passed, vagabonds (homeless wanderers), children as young as 2 years old, drug trafficking, prostitution, illegal gambling, pickpockets, and whatever there is that are disgusting to anyone's sight and smell had rampantly scattered everywhere. It took years before it could be rehabilitated step by step. I believe, during the last term of the former Mayor, Alfredo Lim, and until now under the new mayoralty and vice mayoralty, Luneta is opening up again to tourists and Manilenos to show off its beauty. However, this time, as the Philippine population is growing especially in Manila, the place is more lively specially at night with the addition of the dancing fountain, the mini train, and activities during special occasions like Christmas and New Year where bazaars, small carnival with exciting carnival rides, beautiful fireworks, and concerts. More than One Million people were in Luneta to witness and enjoy the changes of the place during the Holiday Season. 

    Strict Discipline and loyalty to duty should be imposed to the people and National Police so that the objective would be successful. Hopefully Luneta will become a crime free hub where the laughter of children can be heard again and make this a sign of a secured well being for the Filipino families and foreign tourists alike. Perhaps we will be able to see Jose Rizal posing a smile on his face as he stands straight facing the rising sun with dignity and pride.

    Rizal Park (also Luneta Park or colloquially LunetaFilipinoLiwasang Rizal), is an historical urban park located along Roxas BoulevardCity of ManilaPhilippines, adjacent to the old walled city of Intramuros. Since the Spanish Colonial Era, the Park has been a favourite leisure spot, and is frequented on Sundays and national holidays. It is one of the major tourist attractions of the City of Manila.
    Situated by Manila Bay, Luneta is also an important site in Philippine history. The execution of national hero Dr. José Rizal on December 30, 1896, sparked the 1898 Philippine Revolution against the Kingdom of Spain. The area was officially renamed Rizal Park in his honour, and the monument enshrining his remains serves as the symbolic focal point of the Park. The Declaration ofPhilippine Independence from the American Occupation was held at the Park on July 4, 1946 as were later political rallies including those of Ferdinand Marcos and Corazon Aquino in 1986 that culminated in the EDSA Revolution.

    Kilometre Zero marker in front of the Memorial Clock on the other side of Roxas Boulevard from Rizal Monument.
    The Philippines' Kilometre Zero is located within the Park on Roxas Boulevard, in front of the Rizal Monument. It serves as the point from which all road distances from Manila are measured.











    File:Buildings around Rizal Park.jpg



    2011 renovations

    Rizal Park underwent renovations by the National Parks Development Committee (NPDC) aimed at restoring elements of the park. The plans included the rehabilitation of the old musical dancing fountain located on the 40 m × 100 m (130 ft × 330 ft) pool, which is the geographical center of the park. The fountain, which is set for inauguration on December 16, 2011, is handled by German-Filipino William Schaare, the same person who built the original fountain in the 1960s. Restoration also included the Flower Clock which was set for inauguration on the 113th Philippine Independence day; the Noli Me Tangere Garden and the Luzviminda Boardwalk, for the 150th birthday celebration of Jose Rizal.

    Activities

    The park is home to various Kali/Eskrima/Filipino Martial Arts (FMA) groups. Every morning, especially on Sundays, Eskrimadors, or Eskrima practitioners can be seen at the Luneta. Even up to the present, stickfighting duels are still very common, albeit in a friendly atmosphere. Various physical fitness groups doing aerobics at the park are also present on weekends.

    File:Rizal's Execution Site.jpg

    Points of interest

    • Children's Playground, the section of the park built for kids, is located at the southeastern corner of the Rizal Park. The playground was also renovated in 2011.
    • Chinese Garden. An ornate Chinese-style gate, carved with swirling dragons, leads you into this whimsical garden which looks like it has been transported from old Peking. Along the lagoon constructed to simulate a small lake, are pagodas and gazebos that are set off by red pillars and green-tiled roofs and decorated with a profusion of mythical figures.
    File:Chinese Garden, Rizal Park.JPGFile:Confucius Monument in Chinese Garden..jpgConfucius Monument

    • Concert at the Park at the Rizal Park Open-Air Auditorium are performances provided for free to the general public by the National Parks Development Committee, Department of Tourism and the National Broadcasting Network. Free entertainment are also provided elsewhere in the park. Featured shows are a mix of performances from dance,theatre, to musical performances by local and foreign artists.
    • Diorama of Rizal's Martyrdom. On an area north of Rizal monument stands a set of statues depicting Rizal's execution, situated on the spot where he was actually martyred, contrary to popular belief that the monument is the spot where he was executed. In the evenings, a Light & Sound presentation titled "The Martyrdom of Dr. Jose Rizal", features a multimedia dramatization of the last poignant minutes of the life of the national hero.
    • Filipino-Korean Soldier Monument. This monument of two Filipino soldiers aiding a Korean soldier is dedicated to the Filipino combat soldiers who fought with the Korean troops during the Korean War.
    • Japanese Garden. The gardens were built to promote friendship between Japan and the Philippines. Inside is nice place for pleasant walks around the Japanese style gardens, lagoon and bridge.
    • File:Japanese Garden at Rizal Park.jpg

    • Lapu-Lapu Monument (or the Statue of the Sentinel of Freedom). The monument was a gift from the people of Korea as appreciation and to honor the memory of freedom-loving Filipinos who helped during the Korean War in the early 1950s (as inscribed in the plaque). Lapu-Lapu was a native Visayan chieftain in MactanCebu and representative of the Sultan of Sulu, and is now known as the first native of the archipelago to resist Spanish colonization. He is retroactively regarded as the first national hero of the Philippines. On the morning of April 27, 1521, Lapu-Lapu and the men of Mactan, armed with spears and kampilan, faced Spanish soldiers led by Portuguese captain Ferdinand Magellan in what would later be known as theBattle of Mactan. Magellan and several of his men were killed.
    File:National Museum of the Filipino People.jpg

    • National Library of the Philippines is the country's premier public library. The library has a history of its own and its rich Filipiniana collections are maintained by the librarians to preserve the institution as the nations fountain of local knowledge and source of information for thousands of students and everyday users in their research and studies.
    • File:National Library of the Philippines, Feb 14.JPG

    • National Museum of the Philippines, located on the northeastern tip of Rizal Park, is the natural history and ethnography museum of the Philippines.
    • File:WTMP Shutters 40.JPG

      • Orchidarium and Butterfly Pavilion, established in 1994, was a former parking lot developed into a one-hectare rainforest-like park. The Orchidarium showcases Philippines' rich collection of orchid species and butterflies. The pavilion is also a favorite venue for weddings.
    • File:The Orchidarium Manila.JPG

    • Cultural Center of the Philippines

    The Cultural Center of the Philippines (FilipinoSentrong Pangkultura ng Pilipinas, or CCP) is a government owned and controlled corporation established to preserve, develop and promote arts and culture in the Philippines.

    Surrounding the building is an area which is good for jogging early in the morning.


    • Philippine International Convention Center



    The Philippine International Convention Center (PICC) made history as Asia’s first international convention center, setting a trend that led other countries to build their own.

    Designed by Leandro V. Locsin, a Filipino National Artist in Architecture, the PICC Complex formally opened on September 5, 1976.

    An architectural landmark on its own, housing works of various Filipino master artists in painting and sculpture, it opened in 1976 to host the World Bank – International Monetary Fund Annual Meeting. After this, the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC) established itself as one of the most versatile event arenas in the Asia-Pacific region by being the venue of political summits, medical conventions, and concerts of international artists as varied as Luciano Pavaroti, the Bolshoi Ballet, Ricky Martin and Burt Bacharach.

    Built on reclaimed land along scenic Manila Bay in the Philippine capital, the PICC has more than 70,000 square meters of floor area and a range of facilities that can accommodate almost any gathering of any size.

       


    HOTELS


    The Manila Hotel

    File:Manila Hotel1.jpg

    The Manila Hotel is a 570-room, historic five-star hotel located along Manila Bay in ManilaPhilippines. The hotel is the oldest premiere hotel in the Philippines built in 1909 to rival Malacañang Palace, the official residence of the President of the Philippines and was opened on the commemoration of American Independence on July 4, 1912. The hotel complex was built on a reclaimed area of 35,000 square metres (380,000 sq ft) at the northwestern end of Rizal Park along Bonifacio Drive. Its penthouse served as the residence of General Douglas MacArthur during his tenure as the Military Advisor of the Philippine Commonwealth from 1935 to 1941.
    The hotel contains the offices of several foreign news organizations, including The New York Times. It has hosted numerous world historical persons and celebrities including authors Ernest Hemingway and James A. Michener; actors Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. andJohn Wayne; publisher Henry Luce; entertainers Sammy Davis, Jr.Michael Jackson and The Beatles; U.S. President John F. KennedyPrime Minister Sir Anthony Eden, and other world leaders.
    The hotel tower built in 1977, surpassed the Philippine Plaza Hotel (now Sofitel Philippine Plaza) in Pasay City. It remained the tallest hotel tower in Manila Bay area.

    Features

    Lobby

    Measuring 125 feet (38 m) long by 25 feet (7.6 m) wide, the lobby is lined with white Doric columns. The floor is Philippine marble; the chandeliers are made of brass, crystal and seashells; the furniture is carved out of Philippine mahogany, which is used throughout the hotel.

    Suites

    The three-bedroom MacArthur suite was the residence of Gen. MacArthur while living in the country. The suite is located at the 5th floor of the original structure.
    The Penthouse, the most expensive suite with its private swimming pool on the 18th floor, has a view of Manila BayRizal Park and the 16th-century Spanish walled city of Intramuros opposite the hotel. Like the Presidential Suite, the penthouse is decorated with rare paintings, Asian antiques and Filipino crafts. The MacArthur, Presidential and Penthouse Suites provide 24-hour butler service.

    Facilities and services

    The hotel's guest facilities and other services include limousine and luxury car rental, a helipad on the roof deck, airport transfer and transport assistance, medical clinic, a Business Center with Internet access, 24-hour full menu room service and concierge, laundry service, a delicatessen, a hair salon and souvenir shops.

    Recreation

    The Manila Hotel Spa is located by the bay offering massages and other therapies. Guests could use the outdoor pool and the Health Club.

    Restaurants

    The hotel has three restaurants, three bars and a delicatessen offering a range of cuisines, from Chinese to European.

    The Diamond Hotel

    Set against the magnificent golden sunset of the Manila Bay is the five-star hotel Diamond Hotel Philippines. A luxury hotel in Manila with a sunset view, Diamond Hotel is only minutes away from the international and domestic airports, and from the Makati business district. Diamond Hotel is near SMX Convention Center, Cultural Center of the Philippines (CCP) and the Philippine International Convention Center (PICC).  It is also near SM Mall of Asia, Robinsons Manila and other shopping destinations.  Also within the vicinity are Manila's famous historical landmarks, cultural sites, and Malate's spectacular nightlife.

    Diamond Hotel has a variety of restaurants and bars specializing in different cuisines and diners are sure to have a remarkable dining experience. Function rooms are also available for memorable weddings and successful corporate events. Swimming pool and outdoor whirlpool, tennis court, Diamond Spa, LifeSpan Reflexology and Diamond Club gym facilities are perfect for recreational and fitness activities.

    HOTEL SOFITEL MANILA


    MORE OF THESE SOON...





    STAR CITY
    Amusement Park

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    Park Schedule

    as of January 7

    Monday to Thursday4:00pm onwards

    Friday, Saturday & Sunday2:00pm onwards

    Star City is located within the Cultural Center of the Philippines complex in Pasay City.
    Only 15 mins. from Makati City, 5 mins. from Manila City. Only 15 mins (via Espana) 30 mins (via EDSA) from Quezon City. Only 15 mins from the Manila International and Domestic airports
    map
    BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT

    LRT/MRT – you may ride the LRT and descend at Vito Cruz station. If you are taking the MRT, descend from LRT/Pasay Station and transfer to the next LRT.
    Orange jeeps – you may ride the orange jeeps that are based in front of Rizal Memorial Coliseum on Vito Cruz. These jeeps go through CCP complex.

    ONLINE TICKETS

    The Most Loved Amusement Park, STAR CITY is now selling tickets ONLINE through SM Tickets and Ticket World!! Hassle Free ticket buying is ON!
    You can now purchase as many tickets as you want!

    TICKET PRICES
    TICKET PRICES ARE EFFECTIVE NOVEMBER 1, 2013

    Admission Fee Php 65.00
    Entrance inside Star City only. Mid-way games, coin operated machines, rides, attractions, Snow World, Lazer Blaster, Zip Adventure, Scream Avenue and Walk on Water EXCLUDED.

    3 Cheers Ticket Php 360.00
    Three rides of your choice (Ride restrictions apply), EXCEPT mid-way games, coin operated machines, Snow World, Lazer Blaster, Zip Adventure, Scream Avenue and Walk on Water. Entrance fee included. (Ride restrictions apply)

    Ride-All-You-Can (RAYC) Php 420.00
    Unlimited access to

    KIDDIE RIDES: Quack-Quack, Kiddie Wheel, Little Tykes, Tea Cup, Kiddie Bumper Car, Rodeo, and Ball Pool.

    FAMILY RIDES: Grand Carousel, Happy Swing, Magic Forest Ride, Red Baron, Super TeleCombat, Dragon Express, Wacky Worm and Giant Star Wheel.

    OLDER KID, TEEN AND ADULT RIDES: Bumper boat, Bumper Cars 1 and 2, Jumping Star, Tornado and Blizzard

    EXTREME RIDES: Star Frisbee, Surf Dance, Jungle Splash, Star Flyer and Viking Ship

    ATTRACTIONS: Land of the Giants, Peter Pan, Time Tunnel, Pirate Adventure, Dungeon and Gabi ng Lagim
    (Ride restrictions apply). EXCEPT Mid-way games, coin operated machines, Snow World, Lazer Blaster, Scream Avenue, Zip Adventure and Walk on Water. Entrance fee included.

    Lazer Blaster Php 100.00
    Good for 1 (one) game only.(Ride restrictions apply) Entrance fee excluded.

    Snow World Php 130.00
    Unlimited access. Jackets will be provided. (Attraction restrictions apply) Entrance fee excluded.

    Scream Avenue Php 120.00
    Good for 1 (one) film showing only.(Ride restrictions apply) Entrance fee excluded.

    Zip Adventure Php 100.00
    Good for 1 (one) Vortex, 3D photo area, animal robotics, and 1 (one) zipline ride (weight limit of 150 lbs).(Ride restrictions apply) Entrance fee excluded.
    Senior Citizens are given 20% Discount on RAYC
    Please bring any VALID identification Card

    PROMO PACKAGES
    RIDE-ALL-YOU-CAN VALUE COMBO
    A. plus Snow World Add P90.00
    B. plus Lazer Blaster Add P60.00
    C. plus Scream Avenue Add P60.00
    D. plus Zip Adventure Add P60.00
    Tickets and Ride All You Can Pop Tags are non-refundable. Ride All You Can Pop Tags are non-transferable and void if altered.
    *Rates may be changed without prior notice*

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    Time Tunnel

    Travel through time from the age of the dinosaurs to the day man reached outer space.  A walk through  the pages of history!

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    Gabi ng Lagim

    Travel to  a fantasy world in Gabi ng Lagim where Filipino mythical creatures like the aswang, tyanak, kapre and dwende come to life!

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    Dungeon

    What can be more terrifying than to be lost in a maze of dungeons when the ghosts of prisoners  prowl in the darkness!

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    Peter Pan

    Visit Neverland and relive the adventure of the boy who never grew up, Peter Pan. This walk-through  spell binding fantasy attraction bringing to life the tale and exploits  of Peter Pan, Captain Hook, Wendy, John, Michael and the lost boys.
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    Pirate Adventure

    Pirate Adventure  is a boat ride that takes you into the swashbuckling  world of the most adventurous of  seafarers! Experience the adventure with  life like  "Pirates"  as you will sail  with them on a  one-of-a-kind journey!

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    Land of the Giants

    Ever imagined how it would be if  people were shrunk to the size of an ant. This attraction brings that fantasy to life!

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    Star Frisbee

    Direct from Italy, the rider is swung to dizzying heights while the outward facing seats spin around. No other thrill like this in the Philippines!

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    Viking

    The classic swing ride guarantees shrieks of delight.  As close as it gets to rocking the stormy seas!

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    Star Flyer

    The  only inverted roller coaster in the Philippines  makes the rider know how it feels like to fly with your feet dangling in  every loop and turn at great speed.

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    Jungle Splash

    Take a  log boat ride on a white water river that snakes through the heart of the Jungle and climaxes in a thrilling drop. Not for those afraid to get a little wet!

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    Surf Dance

    This platform  thrill ride captures the tumult  of riding the waves with every twist and turn and lift and  drop!

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    Tornado

    An all-time favorite in theme parks all over the world, the riders rotate in capsules that rise and fall. The riders can even control the level of thrill since each capsule can be independently spun!

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    Happy Swing

    Experience this classic childhood thrill in a mechanical swing complete with safety features.

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    Jumping Star

    After a slow ascend to the top, you know what comes next... Whoosh! Down you come falling in  a heart pounding drop!

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    Blizzard

    Dashing through the snow was never this fun. A classic roller coaster experience through the Antartic.

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    Magic Forest

    Allow the family to be transported to a mystical forest while riding on  a vintage car train.

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    Giant Star Wheel

    The Philippines’ Tallest Ferris wheel offers a majestic view of Roxas Boulevard and the Manila Bay as well as the expanse of the reclaimed landscape. It stands 60 meters high with 32 air-conditioned gondolas that can accommodate 6 passengers each.

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    Telecombat

    Zoom through the universe on space ships that circle, dip and climb!


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    QUIAPO


    Quiapo is a district and a primary city square of Manila. It derives its name from the water cabbage (Pistia stratiotes), which is named Quiapo or Kiapo in the Tagalog language. Referred to as the "Old Downtown of Manila", Quiapo is home to the Quiapo Church, where the feast of the Black Nazarene is held with millions of people attending annually. Quiapo has also made a name for itself as a place for marketplace bargain hunting.

    Plaza Miranda, in the heart of the Quiapo district, is a town square named after Jose Sandino y Miranda, who served as secretary of the treasury of the Philippines from 1853 to 1863.[2] It is located in front of the Quiapo Church, and has become a popular site of political rallies. On August 21, 1971, while the Liberal Party held their Miting de Avance in the plaza, a bomb exploded, killing nine and injuring almost 100 civilians.

    The Quiapo district is also home to a sizable Muslim population in Manila. The Golden Mosque and Green Mosque are located there.

    A veritable army of fortune tellers and stores offering herbal products surround the Quiapo church. Ongoing sales of pirated goods and thievery are prevalent in the district.

    Since the American insular government and commonwealth periods through to the late 1970s, Quiapo shared its status as the center of the activities of Manila's social elites as well as trade, fashion, art and higher learning with its surrounding vicinities (Avenida RizalBinondoSanta Cruz, Escolta and the Manila university belt). However, with the construction of the Manila Light Rail Transit System's Yellow Line spanning over Rizal Avenue, the occlusion of light, the trapping of smog and vehicle emissions left the streets beneath dark, gloomy and with an increase in crime and transients. Consequently, many long-time establishments vacated the area. Following the People Power Revolution in 1986, the vibrancy of Quiapo further diminished, with the void filled by makeshift markets to accommodate visitors to the Quiapo Church.

    In recent years, the local government of Manila, spearheaded by then Mayor Lito Atienza, launched the Buhayin ang Maynila ("Revitalize Manila") project which greatly rehabilitated Quiapo and its vicinities, most especially Plaza Miranda, the Arsenio Lacson Underpass and the University Belt. Parts of Rizal Avenue, starting from Carriedo Street to Claro M. Recto Avenue, were converted into pedestrian shopping arcades.

    Quiapo is geographically located at the very center of the city of Manila. It is bounded by Estero de San Miguel to the South, San Miguel to the east, Recto Avenue to the north and Quezon Boulevard to the west.

    File:Quiapo Church.jpg

    Quiapo Church, one of the Churches in Manila with thousands of devotees dropping by to pray everyday.



    The Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene, also known as Saint John the Baptist Parish and informally known as Quiapo Church is a prominent Roman Catholic church Latin-rite Basilica located in the District of Quiapo, Manila,Philippines. The church is reputedly famous for enshrining the Black Nazarene, a dark statue of Jesus Christ which many faithful claim to have miraculous powers. The parish belongs to the Archdiocese of Manila and is currently rectored by Rev. Msgr. Jose Clemente Ignacio.

    History

    On August 29, 1586, Governor General Santiago de Vera founded the District of Quiapo. The Franciscan Missionaries built the first church of Quiapo with Bamboo and Nipa materials. San Pedro Bautista, a Franciscan missionary at that time was one of the founders of the Quiapo church and several other churches in Metro Manila and Laguna city. The original church was burned in 1639 and was replaced by a stronger edifice. It was again partially destroyed by an earthquake of 1863. Under the supervision of Fathers Eusebio de Leon and Manuel Roxas, the third church was completed in 1899. Fr. Roxas raised an unprecedented amount of PHP 40,000.00 pesos from donations and lay contributions. On October 30, 1928, the church was caught in a fire which almost destroyed it. Dona Encarnacion Nakpil de Orense, head of the Parish Committee, raised funds for the reconstruction of the church. Filipino Artist and architect, Juan Nakpil also rebuilt the church.


    Expansion of the Church and Recognition as Minor Basilica

    Msgr. Jose Abriol appointed Filipino architect Jose Ma. Zaragoza and Engineer Eduardo Santiago to remold the church in 1984 allowing it to accommodate more devotees. Cardinal Jaime Sin blessed the parish on September 28, 1987. In 1988, the Quiapo Church was declared the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene. The Papal Nuncio to the Philippines, Most Rev. Bruno Torpigliani, blessed the altar of San Lorenzo Ruiz on February 1, 1988.

    Heritage Street Project

    Basilica Minore de San Sebastian

    Hidalgo Street was regarded in the late 19th century as the most beautiful street in Manila. Today, there are proposals to restore preserve the buildings on Hidalgo Street.
    Among the historic structures along the Hidalgo Street area are:
    • Basilica Minore de San Sebastian
    • Basilica Minore of the Black Nazarene (Quiapo Church)
    • Ocampo Pagoda (Bilibid Viejo Street)
    • Nakpil-Bautista House (Ariston Bautista Street), Masterpiece by Arcadio Arellano, Viennese Secession motifs, home of Julio Nakpil, musical composer of the Katipunan, and Gregoria de Jesus, organizer of the women's corps of theKatipunan.
    • Boix House (beside Nakpil house), Beautiful 1890s house with Neo-Renaissance ornamentation.
    • Paterno Mansion (F. R.-Hidalgo Street), Large mansion with Neoclassical details.
    • Enriquez Mansion (formerly on Hidalgo Street, transferred to Bagac, Bataan), 1890s house with Ionic columns. Praised by Maria Morilla Norton in the 1910s as "the most beautiful house in the islands." Became the site of the School of Fine Arts of the University of the Philippines.
    • Ocampo Mansion (F. R.-Hidalgo Street), Home to Francisco Santiago, composer of the Ave Maria. Original site of the University of the Philippines Conservatory of Music. Dignified example of early 1900s style.
    • Zamora House (F. R.-Hidalgo Street), Residence of Manuel Zamora, inventor of 'tiki-tiki' for fighting beriberi. Superb sequence of inner courtyards.
    • Padilla House (F. R.-Hidalgo Street)
    • Don Jose Sulpicios Orpilla Mansion (F. R.-Hidalgo Street)




    The Black Nazarene of Quiapo and the  Procession

    Tens of Thousands of The Black Nazarene devotees gather and follow the procession to receive blessings from the Poon Nazareno (Holy Nazarene).  It has been said by devotees that they received miracles, great and small after praying and expressing their devotion to the Black Nazarene.  Others are handing or throwing their handkerchiefs to the Nazarene guards during the procession to wipe onto the Holy Nazarene's arm and face and thrown back to the original owners.  This practice is a belief that the handkerchiefs are blessed and devotees can keep it for the rest of their lives. 


    OFFICE OF THE RECTOR/PARISH PRIEST

    910 Plaza Miranda Quiapo
    Minor Basilica Nazarene
    Quiapo Manila
    1001 PHILIPPINES

    Telephone: 733-4434 loc. 100
    733-4945 loc. 100
    Fax: 735-8614

    E-mali: roffice_mbbn@yahoo.com





    If you want to get cheap finds in Manila while immersing your self in its rich and truly remarkable culture, the Quaipo market area is one of the best places you should not miss out on. Located right at the heart of Manila, the Quiapo market area gives you access to everything you need at affordable prices. Whats even better is that the practice of haggling or bargaining to cut down prices is also a welcome tradition you can do here. All you need is a good amount of convincing prowess and the right price intuition so you can bargain accordingly.

    Getting to Quaipo market area is fairly easy. Your main landmark could be the Quiapo church. If you are coming somewhere from the north, like the Quezon City area and its neighboring cities, you can reach the Quiapo market area by simply riding FX shuttles cruising down the EDSA or just about at the most unlikely nooks of the north side. These shuttles will already drop you off beside the Quiapo church. However, if you are coming somewhere south like Makati or Alabang, you can reach the Quiapo market area in two ways:
    1. Take the LRT right off at any of its station starting from Baclaran. Get off at the Carriedo station and voila! Soon as you get off the stations stairs, the first alley you could see is already a part of the Quiapo market.
    2. Take an FX or jeepney that bears the Quiapo sign. This will already take you at the opposite side of the Quiapo church. If you want to reach the other side of the Quiapo market area, simply course through the underpass.

    The Quiapo market area houses lots of different things for you to marvel at. This is also why even photo aficionados frequent the place just for the sake of doing some fun photo walk. Right outside the Quiapo church you can find local medicinal herbs being sold. Nearby complexes also sell cheap retail clothes and fabrics. You can also find lots of cheap accessories right at the Quiapo market area and you can also buy materials if you want to start your own accessory business.
    True to its market form, the Quiapo market area also has a lot of fresh yet inexpensive food to offer. Fruits and vegetables are among the notable products you can easily buy here. There are also a lot of stalls which offer authentic Filipino dishes and some which are known to be famous as street foods. But the products do not stop there. Another prime thing about the Quiapomarket area is its Hidalgo St., famous for selling cheap brand new and second hand cameras and related accessories.

    While in the Quiapo market area, the possibilities are quite endless. But the great thing here is that you get to spend for the things you really want to buy since transportation is cheap and the food are authentically Filipino made.



    Buy


    • Amulets: Believe to give you powers and protection against dark energy. They're usually sold at a reasonable price, often around ₱20 and above.
    • Herbal medicine: Alternative medicine, especially menstral and abortificents can be found in Plaza Miranda however they aren't approved by the Department of Health (DOH) and most of them might be scams and fakes.
    • Statues: Statues either ceramic or wood are best buys as souvenirs, they're sold from ₱100 and above. They often are Sto. Ninos (Infant Jesus) and Santos (Saints, statues of holy people such as Virgin Mary and Jesus). Also sold are wardrobes of Infant Jesus icon of varying sizes.
    • Textiles
    • Army surplus: Items such as uniforms, bags, camping equipment, knives etc. are found in the Big Army Surplus Market. However you might find it hard to pass through customs as it is questionable for purchasing army surplus and sometimes Filipino authorities say that many shops operate illegally without the permission of the Armed Forces of the Philippines and the Philippine National Police.
    • Motorbikes & Helmets: located north of the Church, parked bikes share space with arrays of helmets display that may not be safely manufactured or prescribed, check for specifications.
    • Video Games hardware appliance: also north of the Church just down Isetann Department Store, consoles of video games for commercial use spill out to the sidewalk.
    • Flowers and candles: Flowers and candles are sold outside the church, in Plaza Miranda. Candles have significant meanings such as a Black candle is for foes etc. Sampaguita; Jasmine, is the national flower of the Philippines, they are often sold outside in churches at a very cheap price, the Jasmine represents purity of the soul and body and often are hanged around the Santo's neck as a gift etc.
    • Cameras and camera accessoriesHidalgo street offers cheap prices for cameras as well as camera accessories such as tripods, DVDs, CDs, bags, camera lenses etc.
    • Cycling Gear and Attires: offer road racing and mountain bikes, leisure bikes, as well as attires and the popular arm "leggings" sold at outlets at Quezon Blvd. east of the Church.
    • Muslim Items: Muslim cooking ingredients, food, Southern Philippine style Nasi Lemak (Binalot in Tagalog - rice and spiced chicken wrapped in banana leaf), spices, whole barbequed tuna, and restaurants featuring Muslim Philippine cuisine are offered around Globo de Oro and the mosque.
    • Fruits in Season on the north bound side of Quezon Avenue and just south of the Church Plaza-Atrium
    • Native Cakes, same thing.





    WELLMANSON BEADS AND ACCESSORIES, Villalobos St. Quiapo, Manila

















    If you want to buy gift items for your loved ones and friends, visit this wholesale store in Quiapo.  Once you are at the entrance of the store, grab a basket or two because looking around will not work for you.  You will be tempted to buy almost everything that you find in this place. They have all kinds of beads and accessories for the hair, neck, wrists, ankles, and of course, for clothes / fashion styling. Some of the accessories are from Japan, Korea, and China.


    ORIGINAL FILIPINO HANDICRAFTS UNDER THE QUIAPO BRIDGE (QUEZON BRIDGE)









    Wooden and granite/marbled saucers, plates, fruit platters can be found. 




    MORE TO COME!!!

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