(You may also want to visit my page HISTORY OF THE PHILIPPINES. Check it out.)
ALL INFORMATION IS AS OF THE YEAR 2014
Between 1903 and 1941
Philippine census surveys
Indigenous and ethnic groups
Non-indigenous ethnic groups
- The Philippine Statistics Department does not account for the racial background or ancestry of an individual. The official number of all types of Filipino mestizos who reside inside and outside of the Philippines remains unknown.
|Ilocos Region||Region I||San Fernando, La Union|
|Cagayan Valley||Region II||Tuguegarao|
|Central Luzon||Region III||San Fernando, Pampanga|
|Bicol Region||Region V||Legazpi|
|Western Visayas||Region VI||Iloilo|
|Central Visayas||Region VII||Cebu|
|Eastern Visayas||Region VIII||Tacloban|
|Zamboanga Peninsula||Region IX||Pagadian|
|Northern Mindanao||Region X||Cagayan de Oro|
|Davao Region||Region XI||Davao|
|Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao||ARMM||Cotabato|
|Cordillera Administrative Region||CAR||Baguio|
|National Capital Region||NCR||Manila|
Flora and fauna
|Largest cities or towns of the Philippines
Philippines 2010 Census
|1||Quezon City||National Capital Region||2,761,720||11||Parañaque||National Capital Region||588,126|
|2||Manila||National Capital Region||1,652,171||12||Dasmariñas||CALABARZON||575,817|
|3||Caloocan||National Capital Region||1,489,040||13||Valenzuela||National Capital Region||575,356|
|4||Davao City||Davao Region||1,449,296||14||Las Piñas||National Capital Region||552,573|
|5||Cebu City||Central Visayas||866,171||15||General Santos||SOCCSKSARGEN||538,086|
|6||Zamboanga City||Zamboanga Peninsula||807,129||16||Makati||National Capital Region||529,039|
|8||Pasig||National Capital Region||669,773||18||Bacolod||Western Visayas||511,820|
|9||Taguig||National Capital Region||644,473||19||Muntinlupa||National Capital Region||459,941|
|10||Cagayan de Oro||Northern Mindanao||602,088||20||San Juan City||Central Luzon||454,553|
THE PHILIPPINES, A UNIQUE NATION WITH FOUR (4) CULTURAL HERITAGES
The Philippines is a Y-shaped archipelago south of China in Southeast Asia. Its 7,100 islands have a total land area of 300,000 sq. km. It was the first republic in Asia (1898), the first to be decolonized partially by a Western colonial country (1935), and the first in Southeast Asia to be granted full independence after the Second World War (1946). Because of its strategic location it has been a bridge between the East and West, a rampart of Christianity, and a showcase of democracy in Asia.
It has the world's longest discontinuous coastline (34,000 km.). Its forest provide one of Asia's best supplies of timber and forest products, but forest resources have been seriously damaged by slash-and-burn farming, illegal logging, and poor management in the past.
The National Language (Filipino) has become dominant, although English is still widely-used in education, commerce and communication. The Philippines has the world's third largest English-speaking country. Spanish and Chinese (Fukien and Cantonese) are also spoken by a minority. There are 55 regional languages and 142 dialects in the country. The Filipinos take pride in their education and literacy (at 90% the highest in Southeast Asia). Their 50 colleges and universities attract tens of thousands of foreign students all over the world for courses in medicine, nursing, dentistry, etc.
Filipinos are famous for thier warm hospitality, friendliness to foreigners, musical and artistic talents, romanticism, deep religiosity and bravery. they are fond of music, fiestas, and politics. They have the resiliency of the bamboo and the durability of narra, its national tree. When wars and calamities come, they bend but not to break. Although colonial writersslandered them as being lazy and stupid, Filipinos can work hard and adjust to any type of work. There are overseas Filipino working or living in the West Australia, the Middle East and more afluent Asian countries.
THE PHILIPPINE TRADITIONAL GAMES / FILIPINO GAMES
Holen or Colored Marbles
Taguan or Hide and Seek
- Winners stand at the throwing line with their anak beyond line A-B (longer line between hole and throwing line). The winners hit their anak with their pamato. The muchacho picks up the pamato and returns it to the owner. The winners repeat throwing as the muchacho keeps on picking up and returning the pamato as punishment. Winners who fail to hit their respective anak will stop throwing. The objective is to tire the loser as punishment. When all are through, the game starts again.
Jack 'n' Poy
Juego de Anillo
Juego de Prenda
Lawin at Sisiw ("Hawk and Chicken")
- See "Tumbang Preso" at patay patayan.
If you do not purchase a car during your stay here, taxis will most likely be your main means of transportation. It is best to take a taxi that is part of a franchise. Always note the taxi number on the taxi. It is safer to get a taxi from a hotel. Taxis are metered and you should always insist that the driver turn on the meter. There is a start rate or flag down rate of approximately Php 40 for all taxis. Peso meter reading normally starts from this rate. During the rainy season or rush hour, taxi drivers tend to try and negotiate fixed rates for final destination.
In an effort to help ease traffic congestion the government has implemented an odd-even scheme for private cars. This means that cars with plate numbers ending in 1 and 2 are off the road on Mondays, 3 and 4 on Tuesday, 5 and 6 on Wednesdays, 7 and 8 on Thursday, and 9 and 0 on Fridays. The ban is from 7 am to 7 pm, although there is a window of travel between 10 am -3 pm that applies to specific roads. Should you decide to purchase a car it would be best if you keep the odd/even scheme in mind as many times it will dictate your morning/afternoon plans with regards to times you can depart for and from school.
2. Current valid foreign license
3. English translation from the Embassy (if license is not in English)
4. Photocopy of passport (page with picture and with the latest arrival in the Philippines)
5. Alien Certificate of Registration (can be obtained after issuance of working visa)
6. Tax Identification Number (can be obtained from ISM)
In addition, you will need to go for a drug test and an eye examination (located next to the Makati licensing office). Total cost for processing of license is less than US$20. Remember to bring 2 to 3 copies of all the documents.
Please note that electric current in the Philippines is 60 cycles, 220 volts, should you decide to bring any electronics.
- Birth Certificate
- Marriage Certificate
- Insurance Policies
- Professional Qualifications
- Current Driver’s License
- Property Deeds
- Banking Information / Records
- Medical Report
- Children's School Records
Many of the children you come into contact with at ISM will have spent, or will be spending, part of their childhood overseas. Much research has been done on Third Culture Kids and the effects of expatriation on children. To date there is no evidence that expatriation is either definitely better or worse for children. Generally speaking, after the initial settling-in period, children show no change in school achievement, health and happiness due to living overseas. However, children who have lived overseas are different from their peers at home.
Definition of a Third Culture Kid (TCK)
"A young person who has spent a sufficient period of time in a culture other than his own, resulting in an integration of elements from both the host culture and his own into a third culture." -- David Pollock
Profile of a TCK
These are some general characteristics of TCKs. They display:
- Linguistic ability
- Cross cultural skills
- A three-dimensional worldview, excellent background for future leaders
- Maturity, as they deal routinely with travel, foreign currencies, international crisis; often able to interact comfortably with people of all ages
- Rootlessness - may feel they belong to several cultures but their own, or may feel at home in none. "Where are you from?" is a difficult question, consequently as adults they may frequently change jobs.
- Insecurity - often they view relationships as short-term; makes intense relationships, but keeps a margin of safety
- Unresolved grief because of frequent breaking-off of relationships due to relocation
- Out of phase - may not be in the same developmental stage as their peers; delayed "adolescent rebellion" is common in early 20's; career decisions may come later
- Aloof - withholding judgment and hanging back; can be seen as not joining
- Superior – e.g., may be impatient with home fascination of football but may have great amount of trivia on Sistine Chapel, etc.
- Restless - like other family members, may solve problems by moving on
- Immature- can't drive? writes home a lot? visits relatives on vacation
- A grind - if others don't understand you, work can be a refuge
- Boring - always comparing here to abroad
- Complaining - complains about being here and seems unpatriotic
It is a fact that parents' attitude towards moving has a great impact on the children's attitude towards the move. Children very quickly pick up on the vibes. Children should be told about the impending move as soon as possible so that they can be involved in the process and feel ownership and control over the decision to move and their lives. Even little children are concerned with issues like: “Where will I sleep?” “Will I have friends to play with?” etc.
It is also important to help children handle the sense of loss and the grief that comes with leaving grandparents, friends and relatives. Encourage younger children to keep a diary to express their emotions. Allow children to bring their favorite things with them so that they have something familiar with them.
Challenges of Parenting Young Children in the Philippines
- Multiple care givers - yaya practices, bonding, discipline and routine
- Transient friendships
- Traveling spouse
- Unearned elitism - unrealistic estimate of position
- Multiple adults in home (e.g.,driver, maids)
- Peer pressure of varying socio-economic levels
- Cliques at schools
- Inability to get work experience
- To drive or not to drive?
- Need to understand cultural values
- Loss of contact with home "pop" culture
If you are a career expatriate and anticipate being overseas for the foreseeable future, it would be beneficial to encourage children to develop transferable skills.
- Self-esteem: emphasis on intrinsic qualities versus "unearned elitism"
- Realistic strong national identity: provide home cultural experiences, travel home, spends lots of time in home culture as this helps avoid re-entry shock.
- Use of extended family/friend network
- Constancy and continuity: provide family traditions, holidays
- Self-dependency despite household help: maintain responsibilities around the house,
- Transferable credentials such as scouting, music group, sports, camping, etc.